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Research on Intelligent microfluidics &

Intelligent soft materials 


Off-chip droplet generation


Our primary focus is on exploring and developing soft intelligent systems for biomedical applications.  We are interested in interdisciplinary problems that involve microfluidics, smart materials, electromechanical systems, machine learning, electronics, and micro-/nanotechnologies. We aspire to engineer useful devices through the investigation of fundamental properties of materials.

Areas of Interest

  • Liquid metal
  • Microfluidics
  • Machine learning
  • Soft robotics
  • Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
  • Biomedical microdevices

Latest Publications


Gallium is a metal that literally melts in your hand. It has low toxicity, near-zero vapor pressure, and a viscosity similar to water. Despite possessing a surface tension larger than any other liquid (near room temperature), gallium can form nonspherical shapes due to the thin, solid native oxide skin that forms rapidly in oxygen. These properties enable new ways to pattern metals to create stretchable and soft devices with an unmatched combination of mechanical and electrical properties. This review summarizes the truly unique and exciting properties of gallium liquid metals.

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